Study of Aerobic Bacteria in Human ear Infections in Khartoum

Sixty samples were collected from patients in the ear infection at Khartoum General Hospital (E. N. T. Unit) during Sept.-Oct. 2002. They were cultured on suitable media. various methods and biochemical tests were used to identify the isolates. The following bacteria were identified: Staphylococcus aureus (38.33%); Proteus sp. (20%) and Pseudomonas sp. (18.33%), Klebsiella sp. (8.33%), E. coli...

Bacteria Associated With Avian Cellulites In Broiler Chickens

This study was carried out on 100 broiler chickens, which showed gross lesions of cellulites. The birds were collected from different farms in Khartoum and Khartoum North. Samples from the birds were cultured on blood agar and Mac Conkey's agar media and incubated for 24 hours at 37 °C. The main isolated were Escherichia coli (ninety six percent) of the samples showed growth of E.coli, mixed...

Vaccine Trails Against Bovine Farcy

The present study was designed to develop and evaluate a live vaccine against bovine farcy. Mycobacterium farcinogenes (M. farcinogenes) strain A20, was passaged in a set of guinea pigs. The attenuated strain produced no lesions neither at the site of inoculation nor in any other organ of the tested guinea pigs. The organism, which was reisolated from the guinea pigs, was labelled as M....

Establishment Studies of the life cycle of Raillietina cesticillus, Choanotaenia infundibulum and Hymenolepis carioca.

Establishment of the life cycle of three cestodes Raillietina cesticillus,Choanotaenia infundibulum and Hymenolepis carioca was studied in three insects that act as intermediate hosts, namely Tribolium castaneum, Alphitobius diaperinus and Musca domestica and in white Leghorn chicks, the definitive host. Insects were experimentally infected with gravid segments of the three cestodes. White...

Clinicotoxicologuical Study of  Hexachloroethane and Rafoxanide on Goats

The toxic effects of various levels of hexachloroethane and rafoxanide  on cross breed goats were investigated. Goats received hexachloroethane showed no gain in body weights. The clinical signs were very clear in goats received 29.5 g/animal (the therapeutic dose) and deaths in those received 44.25 g/animal (one and half the therapeutic dose). The main signs were diarrhea, tympany,...

Epidemiology of Trypanosomal Infections in Cattle in South Darfur state, Sudan

 

Conventional and molecular Characterization of mycobacterial Strains Isolated from Cattle and Humans

In the present study, a total of 167 caseated, enlarged and inflammed lymph nodes and tuberculous organs were collected from cattle slaughtered at Slaughterhouses in Khartoum State. Also twenty lyophilized mycobacterial strains previously isolated from both human and animal cases were examined in this study using PCR. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of bovine tuberculosis...

Reproductive Performance of Cross –Bred Sudanese Dairy Cows Treated With PGF2a OR  GnRH During  Early  Postpartum Period

The present study was designed to investigate the effects of PGF2 ل or GnRH injections during postpartum on uterine involution, length of postpartum period, number of services per conception, days open and calving interval in cross-bred Sudanese dairy cows. Experiment I was designed to investigate the effects of PGF2ل on the above mentioned parameters. A total of 35 cross-bred dairy cows were...

Studies on Thrombotic Meningoencephalitis (TME) in Cattle of West Kordofan State  

This study was carried out in order to investigate thrombatic meningoencephalitis (TME) in cattle at west Kordofan State Out of 6659 heads of cattle which were examined during (2000-2001), 211 showed typical signs of TME such as hypersalivation, fever, respiratory distress, stairy coat with hair overgrowth, abortion or still birth, sharp decreasing in milk production, lameness, and blindness...

Nutritive Evaluation of some Acacia Tree Leaves

The present work was carried out to present an account of the chemical composition and nutritive value of some browse plants in some arid and semi –arid areas of Sudan. The effect of anti-nutritional factors (Tannins and lignin) on digestibility was also studied by utilizing the nylon bags technique and dry matter disappearance rate in the rumen. Three fistulated goats were used. The nylon...