Institute of Endemic Diseases

Evaluation Of Selected Anaesthetic Protocols For Total Intrvenous Anaesthesia In Goat Kids Undergoing Laparotomy

In this investigation general anaesthesia of 16 healthy Nubian goat kids undergoing laparotomy was successfully accomplished using selected anaesthetic protocols namely: 1. Xylazine Hcl + Ketamine Hcl 2. Medetomidine + Ketamine Hcl 3. Medetomidine + Ketamine Hcl + Atipamizole 4. Xylazine Hcl + Thiopentone Sodium 5. Xylazine Hcl + Ketamine Hcl (without surgery) 6....

Incidence of Lameness in Horses in Khartoum State, Sudan

The present study was carried out to determine incidence of lameness among horses in Khartoum State. A survey was conduced covering 935 horses of different types, namely race, sporting, police and draught horses. The types of lameness encountered were sub-divided into 12 groups according to the anatomical structures involved or the nature of the injury: Fetlock (82 cases), Tendinitis (67...

Radiographic Investigation on Some Aspects of the Appendicular Skeleton of the One-Humped Camel (Camelus dromedarius)

This investigation was mainly concerned on undertaking a detailed follow up of systematic assessment and analysis of the sequence of development of the individual bones of the appendicular skeleton of the foetus of the humped camel (Camelus dromedarius). The study was mainly based on the following techniques: Alizarin Red S (Dawson's) technique. This was performed on foeti of CRL3 - 18.8 cm...

Some Aspects of Anaesthesia in Dogs Using Thiopentone Sodium with or without Selected Alpha2 Adrenoceptor Agonists and its Reversal with Atipamizole

This study was conducted using 40 healthy German shepherd dogs. Thiopentone sodium (TH) 10 mg/kg was used as an anaesthetic agent in all the designed protocols with or without selected alpha2 adrenoceptor agonist namely xylazine (XY) 2 mg/kg and medetomidine (MED) 20 _6;g/kg as premedicants. The reversal effect of atipamizole (ATZ) 100 _6;g /kg (alpha2 antagonist) with these regimes was also...

Some Aspects of Short Term Thiopentone Sodium Anaesthesia With or Without Selected Pre-Anaesthetic Medications in Goat Kids

This investigation was conducted using 18 healthy crossbred goat kids. Acepromazine (ACP) 0.2 mg/kg, Diazepam (DZ) 0.5 mg/kg and xylazine (XY) 0.l mg/kg were used as pre-anaesthetic medications and were intravenously injected. Thiopentone sodium (TH) was used as an induction agent at three different doses namely 10, 15 and 20 mg/kg and it was injected as intravenous bolus in all experiments....

Surgical and Medicinal Approaches in the Treatment of Acute Lactic Acidosis in Goats

Experimental lactic acidosis in goats was successfully produced using sorghum flour at the dose rate of 50 g/kg B.wt. given intraruminally through a fistula. This dose resulted in the development of acute and peracute classic clinical signs of ruminal impaction. Mild clinical signs were produced when a smaller dose (40 g/kg B.wt.) of sorghum flour was used, and the goats developed severe form...

Evaluation Of Some Intravenous Anaesthetic Protocols For Use In Female Desert Goats In Sudan

In this study, it is decided to throw light on some intravenous anaesthetic protocols to be used in female desert goats in Sudan. The main objective of this study is to provide baseline data pertaining to different anaesthetic phases tested and to compare and contrast the different examined protocols. This study was conducted using 64 healthy female desert goats divided randomly into eight...