Faculty of Agriculture

Histological and Morphometric Study of Some Endocrine Glands of the Camel (Camelus dromedarius)

The adrenal glands, the pituitary and thyroid glands of camels of different sex, ages and sizes were studied macroscopically, microscopically and were analysed morphmetrically. The structure of the accessory adrenal bodies was also studied. It was found that the adrenal glands were greyish-red in colour. The right gland was crescent-shaped and the left one was disc-like. The left adrenal was...

Morphological, Morphometric and Histochemical Obsevations on the Udder of The Camel (Camelus dromedarius)

This thesis includes investigations about topography, gross anatomy, histology, optometry and some histochemistry of the udder of the camel. Specimens from about ninety she-camels were used. The topography was studied in living: animals, whereas the gross anatomy was examined in specimens fixed in 10% formalin. The course of blood vessels and nerves was investigated by blunt dissection in fixed...

Ultrastructural and Morphometric Studies of the Accessory Male Glands of the One-Humped Camel (Camelus dromedarius)

The accessory glands of forty camels were studied histologically, ultrastructurally and morphometrically. An alveolus of the prostate gland is lined with one layer of low to high columnar cells (17.6 µm). Dark and light cells were identified together with basal cells. The dark and light cells were characterized by the presence of spherical nucleus, a massive Golgi complex, abundant...

Observations on the Nasal Fossa and Snout of Ungulates

The nasal fossa was investigated in three different domestic ungulates, namely bovine (Bos indicus), ovine (Ovis aries) and caprine (Capra nubiana) comprising of 62 animals. The study included gross anatomy of the nasal fossa, histology and histochemistry of the nasal mucosa, vomeronasal organ and snout. Gross morphological studies of the nasal fossa revealed a complicated turbinate system...

On the Morphology and Histochemistry of the Testis of Camel (Camelus dromedarius)

The histochemical localization of carbohydrates, lipids, RNA and some oxidative, hydrolytic and steroid enzymes was studied in the testis of the camel. PAS-reactive but diastase resistant material was mainly seen in the wall of blood vessels and in the boundary tissue of the seminiferous tubules, tubuli recti and the rete testis. Clear cyclical changes were seen for glycogen intratubularly....

On the Morphology and Histochemistry of the Accessory Male Gland of the One-Humped Camel (Camelus dromedarius)

The arrangement of the pelvic peritoneum and the gross anatomy, topography, microscopic appearance, blood supply and intrinsic innervation of the accessory male glands in the camel were described. 1. Anatomically, the accessory male glands of the camel generally resembled those in other domestic animals, particularly ruminants. They consist of paired ampullae, a prostate, a glandular pelvic...

Studies on the Skin of the One-Humped Camel "Camelus dromedarius"

The thickness and general histology of the skin of the one-humped camel (Camelus dromedarius) were investigated in 33 regions of the male and female camels. The skin of the male was on the whole thicker than that of the female. The skin was generally thicker dorsally than ventrally in the neck and trunk. All 5 layers of the epidermis were clearly observed in all the regions studied except in...

Anatomical Study of the Female Genital System of Camelus dromedarius with Special Reference to the Histology of its Mucous Membrane

The results of the present investigation of the genital system of Camelus dromedarius may be summarized as follows: 1. The ovary is flattened laterally and oval in shape. It is paced antero-posteriorly and is enclosed in bursa ovarica which opens medially. Graafian follicles and corpora lutea project from its surface. 2. The oviduct at the ampullary region is very tontous, soft and flabby...

Some Histological and Histochemical Studies of the Placenta of Camel (Camelus dromedarius)

1. The histochemistry of the non–gravid uterus of camel is similar to that of other ungulates (sheep, cow and pig). 2. The histochemical findings of the endometrium during the secretary phase are similar to those findings on the endometrium during early pregnancy. 3. The typical brush border on the free surface of the giant cells and the other surface indented with fetal capillaries, suggest...

On the Anatomy of the Male Genital System of the One Humped Camel (Camelus dromedarius)

A total of 105 male genital organs of adult camels were used in this study. In addition, ten fresh hind quarters and two formalinized male animals (Shummer's method) were used to study the topography of different parts of the male genital organs. Detailed morphological examination of the different portions of the male genitalia in the camel was carried out. The testes were found to be situated...