Zinc Status In Relation To Growth and Maturation in Children with Sickle Cell Anaemia in Khartoum State

One hundred and twenty sickle cell anaemia patients were studied between June and October 2006 to assess their growth and maturation and its relation to serum zinc level. They were randomly collected from referred clinic of Khartoum and Omdurman Teaching Hospitals. They were studied by means of: 1. Questionnaire. 2. Clinical examination. 3. Growth measurements. 4. Investigations. The...

Vitamin D deficiency rickets in peri-urban Sanaa,Yemen

This is a prospective community based case control clinical trial conducted in some villages in the surrounding districts of the capital of Yemen, Sana’a. The aims of the study was to study prevalence, risk factor, and clinical features of rickets, and evaluate the impact of health education as a part of treatment in vitamin D deficiency rachitic children residing the peri-urban...

Pattern Of Bacrerial Infection In Under Two Month Infants In Mygoma Home For Orphange Khartoum – Sudan

Neonatal sepsis is a life threatening emergency and any delay in diagnosis and treatment may result in death. The objectives of this study were to a) determine the causative bacterial pathogen in under two months orphanage children, who are admitted to Mygoma Home either (i)for less than72hoursor (ii)more than 72 hours, and to study the antimicrobial sensitivity, b) to study clinical...

Clinical Presentation, Referral and Management of Pediatric Surgical Emergencies

This study was conducted in Khartoum pediatric surgery units during period from April -November 2004. The main objectives were: to study the clinical presentation, referral and management of pediatric surgical emergencies. To assess the pre-operative care offered to the child with suspected surgical problem and to evaluate the referral system of the surgical cases. It is a prospective...

Hyperlipidemia in Children With Nephrotic Syndrome in Khartoum State

Nephrotic syndrome is one of risk factors that contribute to the development of hyperlipidemia, which is a leading cause of coronary heart disease of coronary heart disease in adult life. The objectives of this study were to determine lipid profile of children with nephrotic syndrome and to study the correlation of hyperlipidemia and some of risk factors. A cross-sectional prospective...

Indications and Outcome of Upper and Lower Gastrointestinal Endoscopy in Children

A descriptive cross sectional hospital-based study; performed on children from birth to 18 years old who underwent diagnostic or therapeutic gastrointestinal endoscopy. It included a retrospective analysis of all the children who underwent upper gastrointestinal endoscopy (UGE), lower gastrointestinal endoscopy (LGE) or endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) from the 1st of...

Hyperlipedemia: The Prevalence and the Effect of Treatment in Children with Chronic Renal Failure in Khartoum State

Dyslipidemia is a primary risk factor for cardiovascular disease and a common complication of progressive kidney disease leading to increased morbidity and mortality in this patients group. This is a prospective, cross- sectional, case series, hospital based study during period of six month from December 2006 to May 2007. The aim of our study was to determine the lipid profiles of chronic...

Effect of Antiepileptic Drugs on Thyroid Function In Epileptic Sudanese Children

This is a cross-sectional hospital based study, aimed to study the effect of antiepileptic drugs on the thyroid function. It was conducted in Gafaar Ibn Ouf and Omdurman Children’s Emergency Hospital referral clinics, in the period from April – July 2006. The total of 67 children with epilepsy, aged < 16 yrs and 30 healthy children were taken as control, males were predominant (68.7%). 56...

The Dietary Intake and Habits of Children with Type1 DM in Khartoum State

Medical nutritional therapy (MNT) is the cornerstone of diabetes management in children and to prevent and treat the chronic complications of diabetes and improve overall health. This study was conducted in Khartoum state in two main diabetic referral clinics of Gabir Abu Elez Diabetic Centre and Gaafar Ibn Oaf Paediatric Hospital .The aim of this study is to assess the nutritional intake;...

Comparison Between Blood Polymerase Chain Reaction (Pcr) And The Scoring System In The Diagnosis Of Pulmonary Tuberculosis In Sudanese Children

A prospective hospital based study was carried out during the period from July to September to evaluate the blood Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) in the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis in children. 101 children in the age group 0-14 years attending to the T.B clinic in Gaafar Ibn Auf Hospital, Mohammed Elamin Hospital and Ahmed Gasim Hospital for children were included in this study. A...