Hepatitis B Virus among Pregnant Women: Prevalence and Risk Factors in Khartoum State 2005-2006

This is a cross-sectional, health facility based study. The main objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of HBsAg, HBeAg among pregnant women, attending ANC unit in Khartoum state 2005 and the frequency of perinatal transmission of hepatitis HBV, and to relate the possible risk factors, in order to use this information to decide whether the first dose of HB vaccine to be...

Depression Among the Students of University of Khartoum

Nowadays there are rapid changes in social cultural political economic and behavioural characteristics of the populations allover the world. These rapid changes put more stresses upon individuals making them more susceptible to depression. The students of University of Khartoum were selected for this cross-sectional survey. Using multistage cluster sampling, 2157 students were selected for...

University Students in Sudan: Knowledge, Attitude, Behaviour and Practice related to HIV/AIDS/STIs, 2004

The global AIDS epidemic is one of the greatest challenges facing humanity. Sudan remains the worst-affected country in the Middle East and North Africa region, with its epidemic concentrated largely in the south. This was a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among university students in ten states of the Sudan in 2004. The study objectives were to assess levels of knowledge about...

Sero–epidemiology of Hepatitis B among Children <10 Years of Age in Khartoum State, 2004–2005

Background: Epidemiology of hepatitis B infection in the Middle East in 2001 showed that the prevalence in Sudan was between 16–20%. Community–based surveys are recommended as they provide more accurate information that can be generalized than hospital–based surveys. WHO estimated that among children, new hepatitis B carrier will be reduced at least 80% through integration of hepatitis B...

Care Seeking For Acute Illnesses In Infants; What Are The Barriers? Case Study of Umbadda Area /2005

ِBackground: Every year, nearly 11 million children die before reaching their fifth birthday, most of them dying during the first year of life, and mostly due to acute respiratory infections, diarrhea, measles, malaria and malnutrition. Mothers are major actors in prevention and treatment of acute infections in children, through early recognition, care seeking from appropriate health...

Hiv Sero-Prevalence And Risk Behaviors Among Tuberculous Patients In Khartoum State 2004/2005

This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in seven health facilities to determine the Human Immuno-deficiency Virus (HIV) sero-prevalence and risk behaviors among two groups of tuberculosis patients in Khartoum State. Three hundred and two patients were screened for HIV infection by using an Enzyme Immuno-assay (EIA) test and reactive specimens were confirmed by another EIA test of...

Comparison Of Growth And Haemoglobin Concentration In Exclusively Breastfed Infants For Four Months Compared To Six Months, With And Without Iron Supplementation In Khartoum State

Background Information: Exclusive breastfeeding for six months was recommended by the WHO in its declaration in the year 2002.The Sudan had been practicing exclusive breastfeeding for four months until the year 2004 when it has adopted the Geneva Declaration of exclusive breastfeeding for six months. Study Design: This study is a randomised and blinded clinical trial, following infants and...

Prevalence and Determinants Of Anaemia Among Unvirsity Students Living In Public Hostels In Khartoum State

This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among university students living in public hostels (NSWF Hostels) in Khartoum State. This study aimed at assessing the prevalence of anaemia and to investigate the risk factors involved. Blood samples were collected from 810 university students for the estimation of haemoglobin level. The overall prevalence of anaemia was 26.2% most of...

Prevalence and Determinants of Anaemia Among University Students Living In Public Hostels in Khartoum State

This is a descriptive cross-sectional study conducted among university students living in public hostels (NSWF Hostels) in Khartoum State. This study aimed at assessing the prevalence of anaemia and to investigate the risk factors involved. Blood samples were collected from 810 university students for the estimation of haemoglobin level. The overall prevalence of anaemia was 26.2% most of...

Post Intervention assessment of: Knowledge, Attitude, Behavior and Practice of HIV/AIDS / STIs among Displaced Persons in Jebel Aulia Camps - 2006

The global Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) epidemic is one of the greatest challenges facing our generation. It’s a threat to human development which requires sustained action and commitment over long term. AIDS has killed more than 25 million people since it was first recognized in 1981. Internally displaced persons (IDPs) are group of persons who have been forced or obliged to flee...