Nosocomial Infection Of Neonates In Khartoum State

Nosocomial infection in neonates remains an important problem in neonatal medicine. Neonates are more susceptible to nosocomial infection due to their premature immunological immaturity. This study was carried out in the period between January 2006 and July 2006, and it was intended to : (i)...

Evaluation of Different Serological Methods for diagnosis of Visceral leishmaniasis in Sudan with emphasis on the Influence of HIV Co-infection

Sudan has been recognized as one of the most endemic areas for Visceral Leishmaniasis (VL) in the world where the disease poses a major health problem in many parts of the country and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. A descriptive study was carried out between March 2003 and May 2003 at Kassab Center, Gedarif State, eastern Sudan where 310 patients with clinical features...

Bacterial Aetiology of Pyrexia of Unknown Origin in Khartoum Educational Hospital

The clinical phenomenon of pyrexia of unknown origin (PUO) was defined in 1961 as an illness persisting for three weeks or longer, with episodes of fever greater than 38ºC and with no diagnosis reached after one week of routine hospital investigations. This study was carried out in Khartoum Educational Hospital, from October 2006 to April 2007 to determine the bacterial aetiology of...

The Microbiological Load of Fresh and Processed Meat In Khartoum State - Sudan

The microbiology of the most essential food in Sudan – meat and meat products – was studied to detect its hygienic level and to determine the microbiological hazardous points during preparation at slaughter house and processing of products at markets, and to recommend for controls as dictated in the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) system. Predetermined 6 sites (Shank, Thin...

Studies on Bacillus Species metabolites and their bactericidal effect against Staphylococcus species

The present study was carried out to isolate and identify the different type of Bacillus ssp from different sources.And to tested their metabolites as bactericidal to Staphylococci Thirty two Gram positive bacilli were isolated from different sources. The main source was contaminants in bacteriological cultures. The isolates were screened for their production of metabolites against...

Aerobic Bacteria Associated with Urinary Tract Infections in Hospitalized Elderly Male Patients

The objective of this study was to isolate, identify and perform antibiotic sensitivity of aerobic bacteria associated with urinary tract infections in hospitalized elderly male patients (above 50 years) presented at Khartoum Teaching Hospital. Fifty urine samples were collected, examined visually for turbidity or change in colour, directly under the microscope for presence of bacteria and...

Isolation, Identification and Antimicrobial Sensitivity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis from Patients with Pulmonary Infection

In the Sudan, as in many other countries, the emerging drug resistance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is causing a major public health threat. Isolation, identification and antimicrobial sensitivity of Mycobacterium tuberculosis was the aim of this study. Three hundred and twenty nine sputum samples were collected from suspected pulmonary tuberculosis patients at Al Shaab Teaching Hospital, Abu...

Implementation of Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) System in a Poultry Processing Plant

This Study was carried out to detect the bacterial load and types of bacteria on the carcasses of broiler by applying the Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) system. From two Critical Control Points (CCPs); Pre-evisceration, and Post-evisceration, forty samples were collected and examined to determine the load, and type of bacteria. One hundred forty eight aerobic bacteria were...

Detection of Antibody against Cytomegalovirus and DNA in Renal Transplant Recipients and Haemodialysis Patients in Khartoum State

The aim of this research work is to study the prevalence of human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infection in renal transplant and haemodialysis patients in Khartoum State and to improve the diagnosis of HCMV through the introduction of the polymerase chin reaction (PCR). Blood samples were collected randomly from 52 renal transplant patients and 48 haemodialysis patients. The collected samples were...

Bacteria of Infected Wounds in Equines in Khartoum State

In this study 50 swabs were collected from infected wounds of 25 horses and 25 donkeys, in Khartoum, Omdurman and Khartoum North, during the period from Sept. 2006 to Feb. 2007. Wounds were in animl of various age groups, sexes, and in different sites of the body. The swabs were cultured on blood Agar and MacConkey Agar. Isolates were identified on the basis of their...